Given that satellite internet is often the entirely solution for folks with little to no fixed broadband entree, the Speedtest® results we saw coming from HughesNet, Starlink and Viasat during Q2 2021 were encouraging. however, Starlink was the merely satellite internet supplier in the United States with fixed-broadband-like reaction time figures, and median download speeds debauched enough to handle most of the needs of modern on-line liveliness at 97.23 Mbps during Q2 2021 ( up from 65.72 Mbps in Q1 2021 ). HughesNet was a distant second base at 19.73 Mbps ( 15.07 Mbps in Q1 2021 ) and Viasat third at 18.13 Mbps ( 17.67 Mbps in Q1 2021 ). none of these are ampere fast as the 115.22 Mbps medial download speed for all fixed broadband providers in the U.S. during Q2 2021, but it beats digging twenty dollar bill miles ( or more ) of impinge to hook up to local anesthetic infrastructure .
Starlink ’ south medial upload accelerate of 13.89 Mbps ( up from 13.77 Mbps in Q1 2021 ) was much closer to that on fixed broadband ( 17.18 Mbps in Q2 2021, 15.99 Mbps in Q1 2021 ). Viasat had the second base fastest upload focal ratio among satellite providers at 3.38 Mbps ( 3.48 in Q1 2021 ). HughesNet was third base ( 2.43 Mbps in Q1 and Q2 2021 ) .
critically, Starlink was the lone satellite internet provider with a median reaction time that was anywhere near that seen on fasten broadband in Q2 2021 ( 45 mississippi and 14 megabyte, respectively ). A low latency connection is more responsive, making it necessity for many common applications such as voice and video calling, gaming and live stream of content. Starlink is able to achieve these lower latency numbers through the use of their abject earth orbit ( LEO ) satellite constellation. At altitudes between 550-1200 kilometer, these satellites are physically closer to the worldly concern ’ s surface than traditional satellite providers. Therefore it takes less prison term for the bespeak to relay back to a downlink post on earth, ensuring a much more responsive connectivity experience for the drug user. Viasat and HughesNet both use well higher “ geosynchronous ” orbits of around 35,000km for their satellites. This allows them to serve much wider swaths of the Earth ’ s surface with fewer satellites, but with a dramatic increase in latency in our data of 630 ms and 724 mississippi respectively .
Satellite internet speeds in the U.S. are increasing, mostly
Consumers are used to incremental increases in fix broadband performance as that ’ s a build up engineering with a static market share. Satellite internet is newer and speeds fluctuate as technologies improve and as more users are added to sometimes push networks. Data from Speedtest Intelligence during Q1-Q2 2021 shows some of these struggles as medial download speeds for both Starlink and HughesNet dipped in February and then rose again through the period entirely to dip again in June. This could be related to seasonal worker upwind patterns. Viasat ’ second medial download speed rose slenderly from January through April and then started to decline slightly in May and June. We ’ ll continue watching the performance of these companies over time to see if they reach the steady climb that fix broadband enjoys .
Starlink performance varies at the county level, but not widely
We saw sufficient samples during Q2 2021 to analyze Starlink performance in 458 counties in the U.S. While there was about a 100 Mbps rate in performance between the county with the fastest medial download focal ratio ( Morgan County, Alabama at 168.30 Mbps ) and the county with the slowest median download speed ( Madison County, Indiana at 64.51 Mbps ), even the lower-end speeds are well above the FCC ’ second Baseline performance tier of at least a 25 Mbps download speed. We besides saw many more counties qualify for analysis during Q2 2021 than we saw in Q1 2021 .
Satellite internet performance elsewhere in the world
The ambition and potential of satellite internet providers is of course to increase internet access across the earth. To that end, we examined satellite internet performance in countries with an established commercialize share .
Brazil: Viasat download speed is comparable to fixed broadband, upload is not
Viasat ’ s 60.30 Mbps medial download speed during Q2 2021 in Brazil was identical near to the home average for fixed broadband of 61.38 Mbps. Viasat ’ south median upload amphetamine ( 1.05 Mbps ) was much slower, however, than that on fixed broadband ( 28.75 Mbps ), and Viasat ’ s rotational latency was much higher ( 613 mississippi volt 7 manuscript ) .
Canada: Starlink beats fixed broadband download speeds
Our previous article showed that Starlink ’ randomness median download amphetamine was slower than fixed broadband in three provinces and faster in two. Data from Q2 2021 shows that Starlink ’ south median download speed exceeded that of fix broadband in Canada ( 86.92 Mbps vs. 84.24 Mbps ), making Starlink a reasonable alternative to fixed broadband in Canada. Starlink ’ s median upload accelerate was slower than fixed broadband ( 13.63 Mbps vs. 17.76 Mbps ). reaction time on Starlink was much higher ( 55 mississippi vs. 12 meter ), but many customers in outback areas would gladly accept a latency in that range in substitute for having access to internet service .
Starlink performance varies at the province level, but not widely
Starlink showed enough samples to analyze performance in 8 provinces in Canada during Q2 2021. Starlink ’ south Q2 2021 median download speed was faster than fixed broadband in five provinces ( Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec and Saskatchewan ), though samples in Nova Scotia were few adequate and showed enough variability that there is room for interpretation. Download speeds were comparable between Starlink and overall fixed broadband in two provinces ( Alberta and Ontario ) and fixed broadband was faster in British Columbia .
Chile: HughesNet shows comparable speeds here and in the U.S.
At 15.43 Mbps, the median download accelerate for HughesNet in Chile during Q2 2021 was not fast, specially compared with the nation ’ s fixed broadband average of 111.94 Mbps. median upload speeds besides showed a wide-eyed break ( 3.23 Mbps for HughesNet to 39.48 Mbps on fixed broadband ), and HughesNet ’ s latency was very high ( 678 meter vs. 8 manuscript ) .
Colombia: HughesNet is slowest
The slowest performance we saw for HughesNet was in Colombia, where fixed broadband speeds are besides slower than in other countries surveyed. HughesNet showed a median download rush of 9.28 Mbps during Q2 2021, compared with Colombia ’ s 35.90 Mbps for fix broadband overall. median upload accelerate was besides slower using the satellite internet supplier ( 3.03 Mbps ) than fixed broadband ( 8.56 Mbps ), and reaction time was much higher on satellite ( 799 megabyte vs. 17 mississippi ) .
France: Where the fastest Starlink download speeds are
Satellite internet users in France saw the fastest medial download speeds from Starlink of all countries we surveyed during Q2 2021. At 139.39 Mbps, Starlink ’ s download speed easily beat the country-wide average for situate broadband of 70.81 Mbps. Starlink ’ s upload focal ratio was slower than the fixate broadband average, but still estimable ( 29.35 Mbps vs. 52.56 Mbps ), and Starlink ’ s rotational latency was higher ( 53 m vs. 13 megabyte ) .
Germany: Starlink far surpasses local fixed broadband
Consumers looking for fast internet in Germany have a bang-up option in Starlink. Starlink ’ south median download and upload speeds were much faster than the nation averages for fasten broadband in Q2 2021. The lone drawback is Starlink ’ s 37 meter rotational latency, compared to the 15 m average for fixed broadband .
Mexico: Viasat and HughesNet are comparable, though slower than fixed broadband
Mexico has options when it comes to satellite internet, and the flying of the two options appears to be Viasat, for nowadays. With a median download rush of 13.95 Mbps in Mexico during Q2 2021, Viasat was faster than HughesNet ( 11.92 Mbps ) but slower than the state ’ randomness average for fix broadband ( 29.99 Mbps ). median upload accelerate told a exchangeable fib, though HughesNet was slightly faster than Viasat ( 3.25 Mbps vs. 2.01 Mbps ). While Viasat ’ s rotational latency was eminent ( 672 mississippi v 13 mississippi for fixed broadband ), it was lower than HughesNet ’ sulfur ( 714 meter ) .
New Zealand: Starlink is faster than fixed broadband
Data from Speedtest intelligence shows that Starlink ’ sulfur medial download speed was much faster than New Zealand ’ mho average fixed broadband download speed during Q2 2021 ( 127.02 Mbps vs. 78.85 Mbps ), and the upload speeds were closely identical ( 23.61 Mbps vs. 23.51 Mbps ). Starlink did have a much higher rotational latency ( 101 thousand vs. 7 meter ). Starlink is relatively newfangled in the state and does not have a big market share yet ; we ’ ll be interested to see how their speeds hold up under heavier use .
United Kingdom: Starlink beats fixed broadband providers
Starlink showed a much faster medial download speed in the U.K. during Q2 2021 ( 108.30 Mbps ) than the area ’ south average for fixed broadband ( 50.14 Mbps ). Starlink ’ s upload speed was besides slenderly faster ( 15.64 Mbps vs. 14.76 Mbps ), and the rotational latency was reasonably well, given the distance traveled ( 37 multiple sclerosis vs. 15 ms ). This brings Starlink close to contender status for consumers across the U.K., not fair those stranded in internet-free zones in Northern Scotland, once the service interruptions are under operate. It besides shows that because satellite internet is not constrained by the infrastructure of a given country, there is the electric potential to radically outperform sterilize broadband.
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This datum is changing quickly as satellite internet providers launch newfangled overhaul locations and improve their engineering. We ’ ll be excited to see if Starlink is hush the satellite provider to beat next quarter and in what early countries satellite internet provides a viable alternative to fixed broadband .
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