Common abbreviations and their meanings

CPU = central processing unit or processor.

 Graphics/ Gaming

GPU = graphics processing unit, graphics card, video card.

iGPU = integrated graphics or integrated graphics card.

dGPU = dedicated graphics or dedicated graphics card.

VRAM = memory which is used by a video card.

FPS = frames per second.

 

Memory/Storage

RAM = random access memory.

HDD = hard disk drive, hard drive.

SSD = solid state drive, solid state. Faster and more reliable than a hdd

eMMC storage = flash storage. Often found in cheap machines, slower than an SSD.

SSHD = hybrid drive.

 

Others

Mobo = motherboard.

PSU = power supply unit, power supply, power brick.

SLI/Crossfire = two physical graphic cards running together to gain more performance.

 

Screen

IPS = in plane switching display.

TN = twisted nemantic display. Often worse than IPS displays and offer worse colors and viewing angles.

 

HD = 1366×768 resolution.

HD+ = 1600×900 resolution.

FHD = full HD, 1920×1080 resolution.

1440p = 2560 x 1440 – QHD or Quad HD 

2160p = 3840 x 2160 – 4K, UHD or Ultra HD resolution.

4320p = 7680 x 4320 – is known as 8K

 

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